The question is often asked, “How can you pour out a person? Let’s take a look at each one of these so as to gain a better understanding of the workings of the Holy Spirit. The Catechism #688, spells those ways out like this. Gifts of the Holy Ghost. But when we speak of “Tradition” with a capital “T,” we speak of the work of the Holy Spirit to continue teaching and guiding us through the successors of the Apostles in every day and age. The Holy Spirit makes this happen in a perfect and orchestrated way. That the Holy Spirit burns like a fire out of control, yet it does not consume. Our Blessed Mother: The Holy Spirit prepared Mary with a special preservative grace (as explained in Chapter 3). The Holy Spirit does in the whole Church what the soul does in the members of the one body." Amazon.com – Google Play – iTunes – Barnes and Noble, Privacy & Cookies: This site uses cookies. The Father is especially seen and revealed in the creation of the world, the Son is especially seen and revealed in the redemption of the world after it fell from innocence, and the Holy Spirit is now clearly seen and revealed as the one active in our lives and in the Church sanctifying (making holy) all who follow Jesus and all who seek the will of the Father. This is significant because the inspired author could have used the neuter ekeino, but he did not. From their childhood, Catholics learn to pray the sign of the cross: “In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.”. As Catholics, then, we must be able to respond to these two key misunderstandings concerning the Holy Spirit. So the Holy Spirit has been very much alive and active in the history of our world and continues to be active in the life of the Church. Through the conviction and power of the Holy Spirit, believers will not indulge the sinful acts of the flesh ( Galatians 5:16-21 ) but will bear the good fruit of the Spirit ( Galatians 5:22-25 ). The Holy Spirit is spoken of as a “force,” or as “power” emanating from God, rather than as God himself. This shows the Holy Spirit at work in Jesus’ ministry. In your decision making, ask the Spirit to help guide you. At the Annunciation, Mary conceived her Savior, and the Savior of the whole world, “by the power of the Holy Spirit.”. “Spirit” being neuter, on the other hand, supposedly indicates we are dealing with an impersonal force rather than a person. And they are the only three Persons who share in this one divine nature. : The kingdoms of the Old Testament also pointed to the promise of the one eternal Kingdom which would be established by Christ and orchestrated by the Holy Spirit. Jesus was transfigured in light. Water: Water signifies the Holy Spirit in that it is poured and cleanses. Or, As we look at the workings of the Holy Spirit, we see various ways that He has and continues to work in our lives and in the life of the Church. The cloud is a masking and veiling of the presence of the Spirit, and the light is but a small portion of the radiance of the Holy Spirit shining forth. In the end, at His death He “gave up His Spirit.”  And after His Resurrection He breathed the Spirit on the Apostles and promised to send His Spirit on all as He was preparing to ascend into Heaven. —In the Tradition, to which the Church Fathers are always timely witnesses; —In the Church’s Magisterium, which he assists; Jesus established the Church and bestowed the Spirit upon the Apostles who were His first bishops with Peter being the first pope. White is a symbol of purity, and its wings give it swiftness and agility to descend from the Heavens. This brings us to the next chapter on the Church itself! This shows the Holy Spirit at work in Jesus’ ministry. A divine Person. This is what the Nicene Creed (the one we say at Mass every Sunday) means when it sa… A formal doctrine of the Holy Spirit wasn't articulate until the early third century. on Amazon. The law, given through Moses, was also a manifestation of God’s order and direction. Jesus: Jesus is the “Anointed One.”  He is filled with the Holy Spirit and one with the Holy Spirit. : Water signifies the Holy Spirit in that it is poured and cleanses. That the Holy Spirit is like wind, that it goes where it wills, yet God can be … And when he comes, he will convince the world of sin and of righteousness and of judgment; of sin, because they do not believe in me; of righteousness, because I go to the Father, and you will see me no more; of judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged. This means that the Holy Spirit did not just appear after Jesus ascended into Heaven. Much more will be said on this later on in Book Two of this series: My Catholic Worship! Another part of a video series from Wordonfire.org. St. Augustine taught us, "what the soul is to man's body, the Holy Spirit is to the Body of Christ, which is the Church. When Jesus was nearing His trial and crucifixion, He promised his apostles that He would ask God to send them His Holy Spirit. He was the greatest of the prophets who spoke with the anointing of the Spirit of God. This shows the power of the Holy Spirit to act in us and to use us as instruments. Nevertheless I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I go away, for if I do not go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. One cannot teach and remind if one does not have the intellectual powers unique to rational persons that enable one to do so. We see this in several of the sacraments (Baptism, Confirmation, Anointing of the Sick, and Holy Orders). And we came to realize that this Holy Spirit is also God, also I AM. It was “tongues as of fire” that descended upon the Apostles at Pentecost. This is a marking of God and a sign of the presence of the Holy Spirit. Jesus was transfigured in light. So it goes with the Holy Spirit. In the end, at His death He “gave up His Spirit.”  And after His Resurrection He breathed the Spirit on the Apostles and promised to send His Spirit on all as He was preparing to ascend into Heaven. Pentecost: Pentecost is the clearest manifestation of the Holy Spirit. Bishop Barron will be commenting on subjects from modern day culture. The Holy S pirit is the 3rd person of the Blessed Trinity, and the one most active in the world today. The saints are the great witnesses of God. Confirmation imparts the gift of the Holy Spirit. In the Liturgy, we use words and symbols through which God shows up and is made manifest. —in the witness of saints through whom he manifests his holiness and continues the work of salvation. Three key points are in evidence here. For example, John 20:22 says that Jesus “breathed on them and said to them, ‘receive the Holy Spirit.’”  The breath of God or wind of God is seen many places in the Scriptures, as we will see in our next section. If we only consider John chapters 14, 15, and 16, the evidence is overwhelming. Not in the same way that He once inspired the books of the Bible, but certainly in powerful ways nonetheless. That Messiah would come and, in the end, bestow the Holy Spirit. :  At Pentecost the Church is born. We see the Holy Spirit alive in various ways in the Church today. It is poured at baptism, and the Holy Spirit is subsequently poured in that act. And it is by the finger of God that the Holy Spirit continues to work in our day and age. This is seen in Baptism, Confirmation, Ordination and the Anointing of the Sick. ekeinos) is used in the masculine singular. No, instead He gave us the Holy Spirit, and most specifically, He gave the unique gift of the Holy Spirit to the Apostles and their successors to teach us and to lead us into all truth in every day and age when questions would arise. The Holy Spirit's name describes his chief attribute: He is a perfectly holy and spotless God, free of any sin or darkness. Both the personhood as well as the divinity of the Holy Spirit are rejected by these groups. A charism is a spiritual gift given to someone for the good of the Church. Charisms are especially necessary for the apostolic and missionary activity of the Church. The Holy Spirit comes when a person prays or reads Scripture, or when a person asks the Holy Spirit for guidance, inspiration or courage. : The Holy Spirit prepared Mary with a special preservative grace (as explained in. What sustains life? Thus, their inability to keep the law was a sign they needed more. Mary was overshadowed by the Holy Spirit. It was the Spirit who guided each word revealing what He wanted written. And this perfect sharing in these attributes unites them and enables them to act as one. Holy Spirit, also called Paraclete or Holy Ghost, in Christian belief, the third person of the Trinity. He shares the strengths of God the Father and Jesus, such as omniscience, omnipotence, and eternality. Is this not proof the Holy Spirit is a force rather than a person?” The answer is a resounding no! The work of the Holy Spirit in a Christian’s life is an on-going process of becoming holy through sanctification. It was a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night that led the Israelites through the desert. The proper name of the Holy Spirit 691 "Holy Spirit" is the proper name of the one whom we adore and glorify with the Father and the Son. Because true prayer is something that must be a response to God. Charisms could be as amazing as being prophetic or healing the sick, or they could be as ordinary (but necessary) as being able to organize activities within the Church in an exemplary way. Why? : The Spirit breathed on the waters at the beginning of Creation and is responsible for the principle of life. In your interactions with others, ask the Holy Spirit to teach you what to say and flow through your actions. He was the greatest of the prophets who spoke with the anointing of the Spirit of God. But when the Counselor comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will bear witness to me; and you also are witnesses, because you have been with me from the beginning. As outlined earlier in this Chapter, the Holy Spirit is the one teaching through the bishops, sanctifying us through prayer and the sacraments, and spreading the Good News through the apostolic works of the Church. The role of the Holy Spirit: to give us strength and help in our fight against sin. For example, John 20:22 says that Jesus “breathed on them and said to them, ‘receive the Holy Spirit.’”  The breath of God or wind of God is seen many places in the Scriptures, as we will see in our next section. For the majority of Christian denominations, the Holy Spirit, or Holy Ghost, is the third person of the Trinity, the Triune God manifested as God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit, each entity itself being God. In the 4th century, a heretical group known as the Pneumat… We know the Holy Spirit…. It is the task of the Holy Spirit to bestow these gifts. 17:40 - The Holy Spirit has always been my favorite person of the Trinity. This is seen in Baptism, Confirmation, Ordination and the Anointing of the Sick. It also means that they act in perfect unity. —in the Tradition, to which the Church Fathers are always timely witnesses; —in the Church’s Magisterium, which he assists; —in the sacramental liturgy, through its words and symbols, in which the Holy Spirit puts us into communion with Christ; —in prayer, wherein he intercedes for us; —in the charisms and ministries by which the Church is built up; —in the signs of apostolic and missionary life; —in the witness of saints through whom he manifests his holiness and continues the work of salvation. : God spoke to Moses, Joshua and the great prophets in various ways. In this text, St. Peter describes the power of God being manifested on the day of Pentecost by quoting Joel 2:28: But Peter, standing with the eleven, lifted up his voice and addressed them, “Men of Judea and all who dwell in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and give ear to my words. That the Holy Spirit is like destructive floodwaters, covering a land, yet also like a replenishing drink. We respond to God calling and speaking, and this begins a process of prayer. In the soul, the Holy Spirit transforms it, making it basically capable of taking in, after death, the infinite streams of knowledge and love that flow within the Holy Trinity. The Holy Spirit is a Person2 Tradition2.1 I. The Holy Spirit Proceeds from the Father and the Son Scripture I. The works of the Holy Spirit were revealed to us more fully after this time, helping us to understand Him as a divine Person. And this is an action of the Holy Spirit. As God, the Holy Spirit can truly function as the Comforter and Counselor that Jesus promised He would be (John 14:16, 26, 15:26). That’s right, we need God’s help to pray to God. Hand: The laying on of hands is a sign of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit “intercedes for us” insofar as the Holy Spirit acts on us, transforming us into a member of Christ Himself, so as to present us to the Father in Heaven. We do not see Him with our eyes, but He is there. And in John 16:7-15, Jesus makes it very plain. At Mass, the priest’s prayers frequently mention the Father, the Son, and the Spirit as well.The reason for this is that Catholics believe that God is not merely Unity (as all monotheists believe), but also Trinity. kingdoms would fall as people failed to live by the law which was revealed by the Spirit. : We see these images in the Old and New Testament. : John was “filled with the Holy Spirit” from his mother’s womb. The Holy Spirit has been around from before the beginning of time and has been made manifest throughout the history of our Universe. The Muslim interpretation of the Holy Spirit is generally consistent with other interpretations based upon the Old and the New Testaments. In the Liturgy, we use words and symbols through which God shows up and is made manifest. All that the Father has is mine; therefore I said that he will take what is mine and declare it to you. They receive various charisms and are given a new strength and boldness to proclaim the Gospel. It’s just that we only came to a fuller understanding of this Person of the Trinity after Jesus’ ascension. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Cookie Policy, Books from My Catholic Life! When we speak of “traditions” with a small “t”, we are only speaking of human customs and practices that are established throughout time. It is especially the Holy Spirit who enables these great saints to be shining examples of God’s love for all to see. The Holy Spirit is one member of the Holy Trinity. Church:  At Pentecost the Church is born. As outlined earlier in this Chapter, the Holy Spirit is the one teaching through the bishops, sanctifying us through prayer and the sacraments, and spreading the Good News through the apostolic works of the Church. It is poured at baptism, and the Holy Spirit is subsequently poured in that act. Be it plants, animals or humans, no scientific discovery can unmask the actual principle of life itself. The human author’s unique personality and experiences shine through. The Holy Spirit is God1.2 II. The theology of the Holy Spirit (or Holy Ghost - the two terms mean the same thing) is a huge subject. It traces the history and development of the doctrine from Scripture forward. So also no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God.” The reason St. Paul tells us “no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God” is because it would require infinite power to be able to comprehend the thoughts of God which are infinite. We see this in several of the sacraments (Baptism, Confirmation, Anointing of the Sick, and Holy Orders). The, The human author of each book of the Scriptures, as explained in. One God, three divine Persons. The Holy Spirit is God2.2 II. And the answer is the Holy Spirit who animates and sustains all life. But why they work is another question. Let’s take John 14:16-17 to start. What is the Holy Spirit? There are many ways the Holy Spirit has been revealed to us throughout the ages. The person who receives this sacrament has already received the Holy Spirit in the sacrament of baptism, and the Holy Spirit abides with a person always. It is in this high form of prayer that we discover God acting in our lives and transforming us. God the Holy Spirit takes the initiative by way of an invitation. I have yet many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now. The Holy Spirit has an intellect and will and with those characteristics freely knows and loves as God. This is the time when the Holy Spirit is especially active in our world and in the Church. This is not to mention the abundance of examples we could cite throughout Scripture, both Old (in seed form) and New Testaments. Notice the Holy Spirit is synonymous with God himself. White is a symbol of purity, and its wings give it swiftness and agility to descend from the Heavens. The Holy Spirit does everything. The dove was present with Noah at the ark, the dove descended upon Jesus at His baptism. The Church has received this name from the Lord and professes it in the Baptism of her new children. Lesson 10 - The Virtues and the Gifts of the Holy Spirit Grade 3-5 Lesson 10 - The Virtues and the Gifts of the Holy Spirit Grade 6-8 Lesson 11 - The Catholic Church Grade 3-5 . Romans 11:33-34 tells us: “O the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! “For what person knows a man’s thoughts except the spirit of the man which is in him? As members of the Church, we are called to evangelize by spreading the Gospel far and wide. At that time, we are made adopted children of the Father, we are made one in Jesus the Son, and we are filled with the Holy Spirit to live out our new Christian calling as sons and daughters of God in Christ Jesus. It is through the Spirit that we are adoptedThe Holy Spirit is like our ‘letter of adoption’ into the family … Finger:  It was by the “finger” of God that Jesus did many great works. Rather, the Holy Spirit has been active with the Father and the Son from all eternity. —in the signs of apostolic and missionary life; John the Baptist: John was “filled with the Holy Spirit” from his mother’s womb. These texts leave no doubt as to the personhood of the Holy Spirit. In that verse, the resurrected Jesus is appearing to the Apostles in the upper room behind closed doors. They have all-power, are all-knowing, and are all-loving. Next: Chapter 7 – The Church: The Living Body of Christ! Much more will be said on this later on in Book Two of this series: But for now this brief introduction will suffice. We can initiate “prayers.”  But there is a difference between “true prayer” and “prayers that are said.”  True prayer is when God, by an action of the Holy Spirit, speaks to us and draws us by an interior calling. Personhood means there is potential for love and union. The Holy Spirit is the “Holy Breath of God.”  This image is seen in various places in the Scriptures. At the beginning of time, we were slowly made aware of the reality of God the Father. Of course not! But this does not necessarily mean the Holy Spirit is impersonal. They are perfection! —In the charisms and ministries by which the Church is built up; : The best translation for the term “Spirit” is “Ruah” or breath, air or wind. : Perhaps this is the most common symbol of the Holy Spirit. Jesus wanted the Holy Spirit also to be sent to anyone else who believes in Him, in Jesus. Further, if being referred to as “spirit” indicates the third person of the Blessed Trinity is impersonal, then both angels and God the Father would have to be “forces” rather than persons as well. It symbolizes power, energy and transformation. Water also signifies death to sin. Promise, Theophanies, and the Law: God spoke to Moses, Joshua and the great prophets in various ways. There have been many images of the Holy Spirit used in Scripture. One last obstacle for some who deny the personhood of the Holy Spirit is found in Acts 2:14-18. The Holy Spirit (Arabic: روح القدس Ruh al-Qudus, "the Spirit of Holiness") is mentioned four times in the Qur'an, where it acts as an agent of divine action or communication. Together, flowing from " the same divine well spring" they form the deposit of faith, which with the help of the Holy Spirit, has been preserved in the Catholic Church since the time of Jesus. One of the first reasons given for denying the divine nature of the Holy Spirit is often to point out that the Greek word for “spirit” (pneuma) is neuter. This is a marking of God and a sign of the presence of the Holy Spirit. It symbolizes power, energy and transformation. What sustains life? : The laying on of hands is a sign of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit. The law, given through Moses, was also a manifestation of God’s order and direction. The branch of Christian theology concerned with the Holy Spirit is called Pneumatology. Yes! And the answer is the Holy Spirit who animates and sustains all life. The Holy Spirit is clearly a person. The proper question is not “what” but “Who.”  “Who is the Holy Spirit” is the right question because the Holy Spirit is a Person. We do not see Him with our eyes, but He is there. Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit are imparted on those who receive the sacrament of confirmation. “And do not grieve the Holy Spirit …” Ephesians 4:30. And this is important! We can know and love the Holy Spirit just as we know and love the Father and the Son. The Holy Spirit is a distinct person of the Holy Trinity, who exists as the communication and personification of the mutual, flowing, and never-ending relationship of love and unity between God the Father and God the Son. Thus we are really "sharers in the divine nature" (2 Peter 1:4). The Holy Spirit did not just start to act at that time. This is a messianic Psalm referring to our Lord’s Passion. He is, no doubt, the least spoken of among the three persons of God, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Or a mysterious aspect of God’s life. The gift of piety accords with reverence, inspiring a filial relationship with God so … Rather, this was a manifestation of the Spirit who was already with Jesus revealing this reality. “Con” means “with,” and “substantial” means “substance.”  Again, this is philosophical terminology that our Church has used to try to vaguely put into language the relationships between these three divine Persons. As the disciples are gathered in the upper room, tongues as of fire descend upon them, and they are filled with the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit has been present throughout all of history, acting alongside the Father and Son and continuing to work in our world today. —In the charisms and ministries by which the Church is built up; The Holy Spirit also has the unique role of animating the Church in our day and age. All of these point to the promise of God’s future gift of salvation. Yes, He acted in a very unique and powerful way when He inspired the human authors of the Scriptures in their writings. They share the same will and act in unison in fulfilling this will. God comes to meet us, to descend to us, and we encounter Him. They needed the fullness of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit. There are numerous references to the Holy Spirit in the Old and New Testaments. The Sacramental Liturgy is the most powerful way that God is present to us right here, right now. It is the Holy Spirit who is given to us in baptism. This pointed over and over again to the need for a Messiah. 20:10 - Does the Holy Spirit proceed from the Father and the Son? Equal in dignity and majesty with the Father and the Son. Cloud and light: We see these images in the Old and New Testament. The key to a charism is that it is for the good of the Church and the spreading of the Gospel. At His baptism, the Spirit descends in fullness upon Him. First, we’ll examine Hebrews 3:7-10: Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says, “Today, when you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, on the day of testing in the wilderness, where your fathers put me to the test and saw my works for forty years. But the human author is not the only one writing the book or letter. We say, in philosophical language, that the Holy Spirit is “consubstantial” with the Father and the Son, and with the Father and the Son is adored and glorified. Because Jesus did not give us a 500 volume book of the law addressing each and every question that would ever arise in the areas of faith and morality. Speaking of the importance of context, the verse of Scripture used to “prove” the Holy Spirit to be an impersonal force actually demonstrates, when examined more fully, that the Holy Spirit is both personal and masculine. The Holy Spirit is the “Holy Breath of God.”  This image is seen in various places in the Scriptures. It was revealed to us through the prophets and patriarchs that there was one God and only one. And the Spirit loves us just as He loves the Father and the Son. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. We say, for example, in Confirmation that there is an indelible character, a spiritual character, a seal, that is impressed upon one’s soul. Both the personhood as well as the divinity of the Holy Spirit are rejected by these groups. The intercession is our transformation in Christ. The Holy Spirit is also very much alive in the activity of the Church. Understandin… If the Holy Spirit were an impersonal force, the inspired author would not refer to it as a he. The Holy Spirit is equal to God in all ways; the Holy Spirit is God. How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways! From the teachings of Christ throughout the history of the Church, Christians believed and still believe that the Holy Spirit is an all-powerful Person. 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